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SHAIKH BAHAUDDIN NAQSHBAND (رضئ الله تعالی عنه)

 

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Shaikh Bahauddin Naqshband ( رضئ الله تعالی عنه ) is one of the most prominent Shuyookh of Islam.  Naqshbandi Sufi Order is associated with his name.  His influence on Muslims and his contribution in the spread of Islam in Central Asia and around the world is remarkable. He is a model of conduct and a great teacher of Sufi Shuyookh all over the world.  

We have provided below excerpts of what Shaikh Mir Asedullah Quadri said in this context.

Khwaja Mohammad Bahauddin Shah Naqshband (رضئ الله تعالی عنه) is a bright star on the sky of Wilaya.   He uplifted the hearts of millions from the darkness to the light of guidance and helped them soar in the sky.  His greatness is undisputed. Sufia-e-karaam stand at his door with their hands folded receiving his blessings with utmost humility.

I received Khilafah in Quadri and Naqshbandi Salasil from Hadhrat Hussain Shujauddin Siddiqui (رحمة الله عليه) who had Ijaza from his father Hadhrat Mohammad Abdul Qadeer Siddiqui (رحمة الله عليه).  Hadhrat Mohammad Abdul Qadeer Siddiqui (رحمة الله عليه) had Ijaza in Naqshbandi Silsila from his father Hadhrat Abdul Quadar Siddiqui (رحمة الله عليه).  Khwaja Bahauddin Naqshband (رضئ الله تعالی عنه) is my Grand Shaikh in Naqshbandi order who quenched my thirst from the water of his spiritual support, kindness and blessing. He is indeed the ocean of knowledge that has no shores. 

It is important for you all to know that whatever I got on this path is not by my prayers, fasting, studying or night vigil.  It is purely from the generosity and tawojjoh of my Shuyookh. They played a big role in my life.  It is because of their unwavering support that I received so many bounties from the hands of Awliya-e-Kubaar like Khwaja Bahauddin Naqshband (رضئ الله تعالی عنه).

                                                               Mir Asedullah Quadri

 

With Shaikh Mir Asedullah Quadri's permission, we have included three couplets from his Urdu Kalam that show his love for Khwaja Bahauddin Naqshband (رضئ الله تعالی عنه).


یہ  ہوا   انکی   محبت  کا   اثر
اب میرا خود ہی پتہ ہیں نقشبندؓ

The effect of my love of Khwaja Bahauddin Naqshband (رضئ الله تعالی عنه) is so deep and enormous  that when  people look at me, they clearly see that I am distinct with his affiliation and blessing.   


طایٔرانِ  قد س  ہیں نغمہ سرا
ایسے شیخِ د لربا  ہیں نقشبندؓ

  Awlia Allah sing the eulogy and praise of Khwaja Bahauddin Naqshband (رضئ الله تعالی عنه).  He is such a great Shaikh who is loved by one and all. 

 

پرتوِ خیرالبشرﷺ ہیں وہ اسدؔ
واصلِ ربٌ العلی ہیں  نقشبندؓ


Khwaja Bahauddin Naqshband (رضئ الله تعالی عنه) teaches us to walk on the foot steps of Prophet Mohammad (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم).  Ased, when we see him,  it looks as if we are witnessing the blessed face of Prophet Mohammad (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم).  Indeed, he is distinct with the proximity of Allah (سبحانه و تعالى).  

 

الشیخ میر اسداللہ قادری
__________________  

 

BLESSED BIRTH

Khwaja Bahauddin Naqshband (رضئ الله تعالی عنه) was born in 718 AH, (1318 AD) in a rural area called Qasr-e-Hinduvan, which was later renamed as Qasr-e-Arifan, located near Bukhara, Uzbekistan. He was direct descendant of Khalifat-e-Rasulullah, Amir-ul-Momineen, Hadhrat Ali Ibn Ali Talib ( رضئ الله تعالی عنه) from father's side.
 
It is reported that his birth was prophesied by Shaikh Muhammad Baba as-Sammaasi (رضئ الله تعالی عنه), who was a famous Shaikh and Islamic Jurist in Bukhara.  Once Shaikh as-Sammaasi (رضئ الله تعالی عنه) was passing through Qasr-ul-Arifan village.  He smelled a fragrance emanating in the air.  He turned towards his Murideen and said I smell the fragrance of a great Shaikh of Ihsan who will be born here. Whenever he passed through the village, he felt the same smell.  One day, when he was passing through village, he found the fragrance was very strong. He turned towards his Murideen and said 'it looks  that Shaikh is already born'. Three days later, grand father of Khwaja Naqshband (رضئ الله تعالی عنه) took the new born to Shaikh as-Sammaasi (رضئ الله تعالی عنه) for his blessing. When the  Shaikh  looked at the child, he told his Murideen, 'this is the child about whom I had been telling you all along.  He was very happy to see the child and declared 'this is my son and Murid. He will be one of the greatest Shuyookh. Allah (سبحانه و تعالى) will shower heavenly knowledge upon him that will be engraved upon his heart and his Silsila will be named after this engraving'. 
 
Khwaja Naqshband (رضئ الله تعالی عنه) used to say "it is Allah's (سبحانه و تعالى) special beneficence on me  that I was honored as son and Murid by Shaikh as-Sammaasi, (رضئ الله تعالی عنه) right after my birth."
 
EARLY LIFE
 
Khwaja Naqshband (رضئ الله تعالی عنه) completed his religious education and studied all Sharia sciences by the time he was 18 years old. Probably he had memorized the holy Quran during this time. After completion of his education, he went back to Shaikh as-Sammaasi (رضئ الله تعالی عنه) again.  He has described his meeting with the Shaikh as follows:
 
"I was 18 years old when I went to meet Shaikh as-Sammaasi (رضئ الله تعالی عنه).  I reached his place and got the honor of meeting him. I stayed with him the whole day and by his blessings I found a great change in me.  I went to sleep in his Khankha.  I woke up towards the end of the night, performed ablution (wudu) and entered the mosque.  I prayed 2 raka and went into a long prostration. I supplicated and implored in front of Allah (سبحانه و تعالى) for His mercy and guidance. Later, Shaikh arrived in the mosque for Salat ul Fajr and after the prayer he turned towards me and taught me how to supplicate in front of Allah (سبحانه و تعالى). After that, the (dining) sheet was spread, and when everyone ate,  he gave me a loaf of bread.  I hesitated to take it as the bread was meant to be eaten by the people present.  He told me 'take, it will be of use to you. I kept the bread.  After sometime, Shaikh came out of the mosque, mounted on a donkey and started going in a certain direction. I followed him  walking behind his donkey. I tried to walk in complete attention towards Allah (سبحانه و تعالى).  However, whenever my attention was diverted on other things, Shaikh will turn towards me and advise me to guard my thoughts.  I was surprised to see that Shaikh knew what I was thinking in my mind. After a few hours we stopped at a place and Shaikh entered a house that belonged to one of his Murideen.  When his Mureed saw the shaikh, he was a little disturbed.  The Shaikh asked him the reason.  He said, he has nothing to serve the Shaikh at home, except milk.  Shaikh turned towards me and said take out the loaf of bread I gave you.  Now it will be useful for us. 
In his company this kind of events were routine and plenty that resulted in increase of  my love and respect for  my Shaikh."
 
TEACHERS & SHUYOOKH 
 
Khwaja Naqshband (رضئ الله تعالی عنه) remained in the Company of Shaikh as-Sammaasi (رضئ الله تعالی عنه) for a few years.
 
 
 
Maqam of Shaikh Muhammad Baba as-Sammaasi (رضئ الله تعالی عنه)
 
 
 
After the death of Shaikh as-Sammaasi (رضئ الله تعالی عنه), Khwaja Naqshband (رضئ الله تعالی عنه) moved to Samarkhand.  After sometime he went to Bukhara.  In both the places he spent time in the company of famous Shuyookh.  In Bukhara he got married.
 
When he was in Bukhara, he  was given Khilafah by Shaikh Azizan Ali Ramitani (رضئ الله تعالی عنه) who was his Grand Shaikh in Naqshbandi Silsila, died a few years earlier. 
 
A few months later Shaikh Syed Amir Kulal, the Khalifa and Successor of Shaikh as-Sammassi (رضئ الله تعالی عنه) met Khwaja Naqshband and informed him that at the time of death,  Shaikh as-Sammaasi (رضئ الله تعالی عنه) had advised him to take care of him. 
 
 
 
 
The dome of Shaikh Syed Amir Kulal (رضئ الله تعالی عنه)
 
 
 
 
Khwaja Naqshband (رضئ الله تعالی عنه) spent a few years in the company of Shaikh Amir Kulal (رضئ الله تعالی عنه). Later Shaikh Kulal gave him Khilafa by handing over the cloak of Shaikh Ramitani (رضئ الله تعالی عنه) which was given to him by his Shaikh as-Sammaasi (رضئ الله تعالی عنه) as a relic of the Silsila.
 
Khwaja Naqshband (رضئ الله تعالی عنهmentioned several incidents that occurred when he was in the company of Shaikh Kulal (رضئ الله تعالی عنه).  One of the incidents is as follows.
 
"When I was in the company of Shaikh Kulal (رضئ الله تعالی عنه),  I was often overwhelmed with 'Jazb' (nearness to Allah)  and used to wander around secluded places.  One night I was wandering in that state and my feet were bleeding as I was walking barefooted in a thorny jungle.  It was pitch dark and snow was falling intermittently. I was freezing as I had no warm cloths to cover my body.  In such a state I do not know how I reached  Shaikh Kulal's (رضئ الله تعالی عنه) house.   When I reached there,  Shaikh was sitting with his students.  When I knocked the door, he came out and saw me in that state. He went inside and asked his students to throw me out on the road.  They all forcefully lifted me and threw me on the road.  I was shocked and felt humiliated and could not understand why I was treated in this way.  My Anima (nafs) raised its head from within and asked me to leave the  Shaikh for this kind of unwarranted harsh treatment  in a dark freezing night.  However, Allah's (سبحانه و تعالى)  guidance came to me.  I said to my Nafs, I will bear this,  but will not leave the company of the Shaikh.  I went back to Shaikh's door, placed my head on his doorstep and closed my eyes. I remained silent and did not knock his door again.  I do not know how long I sat in that condition.  Just before dawn, Shaikh  came out of the house and found me  on his doorstep. He lifted my head and realized  I was almost unconscious.  He took me inside, provided me warm cloths, gave me food and removed all thorns from my feet from his hands one by one. Tears were rolling down from his eyes.  He cleansed all my wounds and hugged me emotionally.  He said my son you will go a long way on this path and many will benefit from your company in future."
 
Khwaja Nawshband (رضئ الله تعالی عنه) used to relate the above episode and used to say, 'I am always in the look for the seeker who would place his head on my doorstep in humility, but often find most of them come to me in the pursuit of becoming Shaikhs, not Murids.  Among my seekers I find hardly any sincere Murid. A Murid has to leave his ego (Nafs) and become like a dead body in the hands of his Shaikh. This is the only way to cleans oneself from the impurities'.
 
Khwaja Naqshband described another incident in the company of Shaikh Kulal (رضئ الله تعالی عنه), as follows.
 
"I was in Bukhara and Shaikh Kulal (رضئ الله تعالی عنه) was in Nasaf and a yearning occurred to me to meet the Shaikh. I headed towards Nasaf and reached his house. When I knocked his door,  Shaikh came out and saw me.  He said, 'my son you have come at a right time.  We are in need of logs for our kitchen that have been cut in the nearby jungle.  Can you bring those logs for us.  When I reached the place, I realized the trees that were cut had thorns and Shaikh had instructed the wood cutter not to remove the thorns from the logs. I made bundles of those logs and carried them on my back one by one. The thorns pricked all over my back but  I obeyed the Shaikh happily."
   

Khwaja Naqshband (رضئ الله تعالی عنه) related the above incident in one of his writings later, and wrote  'in the pursuit of Haq the harshness of thorns did not trouble me. They seemed like soft silky buttons providing the joy I never felt before.'

Khwaja Naqshband (رضئ الله تعالی عنه) received training from Khwaja Abdul Khaliq Ghujdawani (رضئ الله تعالی عنه) as well, who was Grand Shaikh of his Silsila, died 200 years ago in 575 AH (1180 AD).  He mentioned about this training as follows.

"One night I visited the Dargah of Shaikh Ahmed al-Kashghari (رحمة الله عليه).  I found two men waiting for me there.  I  had not seen them before.  They had a horse with them.  They made me sit on the horse and tied two swords on my two sides.  They directed the horse to the Dargah of Shaikh Mazdakhin (رحمة الله عليه).  When I entered his Maqam, I had a vision. I saw the wall of his Dargah facing the Ka'ba came down crashing.  Behind the wall I saw a heavy built Shaikh seated on a huge throne.  Around him were seated Shaikh as-Sammaasi (رضئ الله تعالی عنه), Shaikh Kulal (رضئ الله تعالی عنه) and other Grand Shuyookh of our Silsila.  There were some more people around. I was told that  the person sitting on the throne was Shaikh Abdul Khaleq Gujadawani (رضئ الله تعالی عنه) who had looked after me all along.  I was informed that I was under his spiritual  training right from the beginning.  Shaikh Gujadawani (رضئ الله تعالی عنه) then turned towards me and advised me a few things to remember.

The next day I went to  Shaikh Kulal (رضئ الله تعالی عنه) and described him my vision. Shaikh said he is aware of it.  He took me  me inside a room and taught me Zikr Khafi (silent Zikr) that was to be carried out day and night."  He said Shaikh Gujadawani (رضئ الله تعالی عنه) asked him to teach me Zikr Khafi (silent Zikr).

 

 
 
The Maqaam of Shaikh Abdul Khaliq al-Gujadawani (رضئ الله تعالی عنه) in  Bukhara, Uzbekistan. 
 
 
  
The students of Shaikh Amir Kulal (رضئ الله تعالی عنه) used to do Zikr aloud when they were together and silent Zikr when they were alone. When Khwaja Naqshband (رضئ الله تعالی عنه) received instruction to do  Zikr silently, he stopped loud Zikr completely and focused on silent Zikr the rest of his life. This became the distinguishing feature of the Naqshbandi Silsila. 
 
Shaikh Amir Kulal (رضئ الله تعالی عنه) died in 1363 when Khwaja Naqshband (رضئ الله تعالی عنه) was 35 years old.  After his death he was in the company of Shaikh Arifuddin Karani (رضئ الله تعالی عنه) for some time.  Later he spent sometime  in the company of Shaikh Kuthum. 
 
Khwaja Naqshband (رضئ الله تعالی عنه) spent  7 years in the company of Shaikh Khaleel Ghirani (رضئ الله تعالی عنه).  He described how he met Shaikh Khalil Ghirani (رضئ الله تعالی عنه) and how he remained in his company for the following 7 years.

"I saw Shaikh Al-Hakeem Ata (رضئ الله تعالی عنه), the great Shaikh of Turkey in a dream, advising another Shaikh to take care of me.  When I woke up, that Shaikh's image was in my mind. I kept looking for  that Shaikh until I found him in Bukhara one day.  I immediately recognized him.  I was informed that his name was Shaikh Khaleel Ghirani (رضئ الله تعالی عنه). It so happened that I could not say anything to him and then he disappeared in the crowd.  I came home disheartened and worried.  After Maghrib, I heard a knock on my door.  A person was standing on my door.  He said Shaikh Khalil (رضئ الله تعالی عنه) wants to see you.  I promptly took a visiting gift and went to see him.  I sat in his audience and wanted to tell him about my dream. But before I could do that, the Shaikh told me in Turkish, ' I know what you saw, there is no need to repeat it'.  When I heard him saying this, I was amazed.  I remained in his company for the following 7 years and learned many traits of the path."  

 

Khwaja Bahauddin Naqshband (رضئ الله تعالی عنه) described his meeting with Ghousul Azam (رضئ الله تعالی عنه) as follows.

"Once I was traveling in a desert.  On my way, I met  Khizr (عليه السلام).  Hadhrat Khizr (عليه السلام) took me to the audience of Ghousul Azam (رضئ الله تعالی عنه).  At that time I was not famous and was not known as 'Naqshband'. Ghousul Azam (رضئ الله تعالی عنه) placed his hand on my chest and said, 'O the holder of the adornment of the worlds, hold my adornment so that they can call you Naqshiband'. After that incident I became famous as Naqshband." 

It is reported that Khwaja Naqshband (رضئ الله تعالی عنه) wrote the following in praise  of Ghousul Azam (رضئ الله تعالی عنه) after that meeting.

 

بادشاہ ہر دو عالم شاہ عبد القادر است
سرور اولاد آدم شاہ عبد القادر است
آفتاب و مہتاب و عر ش و کرسی و قلم
 نور قلب از نور اعظم شاہ عبدالقادر است
 

The King of this world and the hereafter is Shah Abdul Qadir (رضئ الله تعالی عنه). The head of the children of Adam is Shah Abdul Qadir (رضئ الله تعالی عنه).  Sun, moon, heavens, the throne and the pen.  They all get their light from the heart of Shah Abdul Qadir (رضئ الله تعالی عنه)

 

When some Murideen asked Khwaja Bahauddin Naqshband (رضئ الله تعالی عنه) what he has to say about the declaration of Ghousul Azam (رضئ الله تعالی عنه) 'My foot is on the neck of all Awliya Allah'?   He said  may his foot be on my eyes and my vision. 

Many great Shuyooks were assigned to help Khwaja Naqshband (رضئ الله تعالی عنه) in his spiritual journey.  He once described that he spent long years in the company of Hadhrat Uways al-Qarani (رضئ الله تعالی عنه) who taught him how to shed internal and external bonds. Similarly he learned 'complete attribute effacement' in the company of Shaikh Muhammad Ibn Ali al-Hakeem al-Tirmidhi (رضئ الله تعالی عنه). 

 

MADRASA NAQSHBANDIYA QASR AL-ARIFAN

Khwaja Naqshband (رضئ الله تعالی عنه) stayed in Merv and Bukhara for long years. Later, he returned back to his native place Qasr al-Arifan. Towards the end of his life, he had become very popular. Thousands of visitors from far and wide used to visit him for advice.  He established a big Arabic Madrasa and a mosque in Qasr al-Arifan.  The Madrasa had become very popular during his life time. Thousands of people received education in this school.  It is reported that at a time over 5000 people were accommodated in the school complex. The school  survived 700 years and was renovated after the fall of Soviet Union in 1990s.

 

PERSONAL TRAITS

Khwaja Naqshband (رضئ الله تعالی عنه) was an exemplary model of conduct for his students and Murideen.  A few aspects of his personal traits are described below for the benefit of our readers.  

(i) Khwaja Bahauddin (رضئ الله تعالی عنه)  used to fast most of the days in the month.  At the time of breaking the fast, he used to eat the barley he had grown himself. He would harvest it, grind it, make the dough, knead it and bake it himself.  He used to share his food with the visiting scholars,  seekers and the needy.  He  used to serve food to the people by his own hands. 

Once he was invited to a town  where one of his students had prepared food.  When the dining sheet was spread, he  refused to eat and said, 'my son when you prepared this food, from the time you kneaded the dough, cooked and served, you were in the state of anger.  Your food is mixed with your anger. If we eat it,  Satan will find a way to enter our bodies and insinuate with his evil thoughts.

(ii)  Shaikh Muhammad Ibn Mahmud al-Hafizi (رحمة الله عليه), also known as Muhammad Parsa, who was Shaikh's Khalifa, reported an incident, as follows.

"When Shaikh Muhammad Shamsuddin al-Jazari  visited Samarkand, Mirza Aleg Beg was our King.  Some jealous scholars complained to the King that I was narrating Ahadith whose chain of transmission were unknown. The King ordered me to appear before him.  I informed the Shaikh about this happening. The Shaikh said, do not worry, I will accompany you.  When we reached there, we found Shaikh Husamuddin An-Nahawi, the Mufti of Bukhara, sitting in the King's Court Hall along with many other scholars.  Shaikh Shamsuddin al-Jazari was also present.

Shaikh Hussamuddin asked me about the chain of narrators of a Hadith which I had described in front of people earlier.  When I gave them the chain, they claimed it is incorrect. They asked me the chain of another Hadith. When I described the chain, they claimed it was incorrect. Shaikh interfered at that moment as he knew that whatever I say, they will reject it.  He asked me to tell Shaikh Hussamuddin as follows.

'You are the Shaikh and the Mufti.   What do you say about such and such narrator?' Shaikh Husamuddin said, 'We accept him as  trustworthy as his lineage is such that all scholars accept, and there is no argument on that matter.'

Then Shaikh told me to tell Shaikh Husamuddin that the the Hadith scholar you are accepting as authentic,  has written a book of Ahadith.  It is available in your home.  It contains 500 pages and its color is such and such and the Ahadith you have rejected are written by him on such and such page numbers in that book.

Shaikh Hussamuddin did not remember that book.  He refused to have such a book at his home.  To find out the truth, the King sent a person to his house to find that book. We all waited for the person to return. The person went to his house and found that book.  The book was  brought to the Court Hall.  When they looked,  the Ahadith were found on the pages as described by the Shaikh. "
 

(iii)  One of the Murids of Khwaja Naqshband (رضئ الله تعالی عنه) named Muhammad Zahid,  described an incident in the company of the Shaikh, as follows. 

"A few months had passed since I became Murid.  Once I was sitting in front of the Shaikh.  It was spring season.  I felt a craving to eat watermelon.  When this thought occurred in my mind repeatedly, Shaikh looked at me and said, Muhammad Zahid, go to the stream near our house and bring us what you see and we will eat it. I went to the rivulet and found a watermelon flowing on the surface of the stream close by its bank. I was able to catch the watermelon from my hand.  The watermelon was very fresh.   I brought it to the Shaikh.  The fruit was cut into pieces and all in attendance were served with it."

(iv)  Khwaja Bahauddin (رضئ الله تعالی عنه) described three ways to achieve the knowledge of Truth (علمِ حق).  (i) Contemplation (Muraqaba- مُراقبہ),  (ii) Vision (Mushahada - مُشاہدہ),  and (iii) Reckoning (Muhasaba - مُحاسبہ).  

Explaining the terms he said,  in the state of Contemplation the seeker forgets about the entire Creation, and remembers only the Creator.

In the State of Vision,  inspirations from the Unseen come to the heart of the seeker accompanied by two states, (a) contraction, and (b) expansion.   In Contraction, the vision is held at the majesty of Almighty.  In expansion, the seeker sees the beauty of His Tajalliat.  

In the state of Reckoning,  the seeker evaluates every second that has passed; was it in the presence of Allah (سبحانه و تعالى) or in the presence of the world.

The general rule is, the seeker must reject Satan's evil whispering and Anima's (Nafs) insinuations. It is important  to reject them before they reach him.  At least, he should reject them after they reach him. If he allows them to reach and control him, it is very difficult for him to take them out of his heart.

 

DEATH

Khwaja Naqshband (رضئ الله تعالی عنه) died on Monday,  3rd Rabia I, 791 AH (March 3,1389 AD)As per his instructions, he was buried in the Garden within his school complex. 

 

The successive rulers of Bukhara expanded the complex and a massive mausoleum was constructed at his Maqaam.

 

 

Surrounded by ever expanding complexes and buildings, his mausoleum in Bukhara, Uzbekistan is visited by thousands of Muslims from all over the world. 

 

NAQSHBANDI WORKS

After the death of Khwaja Naqshband (رضئ الله تعالی عنه), successive scholars, have written books about his deeds and sayings.  These include, (i) Awrad an-Naqshbandiyyah, (ii) Tanbih al-Ghafilin, (iii) Maslakul-Anwar, (iv) Hadiyyatus Salikan wa Tuhfatut Talibin, etc.  

 

BIOGRAPHICAL ACCOUNTS

Biographical accounts of Khwaja Naqshband (رضئ الله تعالی عنه) were written and published after his death by many Naqshbandi scholars. These include (i) Awrad Bahauddin by Masud al-Bukhari and Sharif al-Jarjani.  This book contains his life’s works and Fatawa.  (ii) Risala Qudsiyya, by  Shaikh Muhammad Parsa, died in Madina in 822 AH (1419 AD).  (iii) Al-Bahja al-Saniyya, by Khani. (iv) Anis at-Talibeen by Salahuddin Mohammad Bukhari.  

 

SPIRITUAL CHAIN

Spiritual Golden Chain (Shajrah-e-Treeqa) of Khwaja Bahauddin Naqshband (رضئ الله تعالی عنه ) is as follows:

 (1)  Ahmad Mujtaba, Mohammad Mustafa  (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم)
 (2)  Ameer  al-Momineen Abu Bakr Siddique (رضئ الله تعالی عنه )
 (3)  Hadhrat Salman Farsi  (رضئ الله تعالی عنه )
 (4)  Hadhrat Qasim ibn Muhammad Ibn Abu Bakr  (رضئ الله تعالی عنه )
 (5)  Hadhrat Imam Jafar Sadiq (رضئ الله تعالی عنه )
 (6)  Hadhrat Bayazid Bastami  (رضئ الله تعالی عنه )
 (7)  Hadhrat Abul Hassan al-Kharaqani (رضئ الله تعالی عنه )
 (8)  Hadhrat Abul Qasim Gurgani (رضئ الله تعالی عنه )
 (9)  Hadhrat Abu Ali Farmadi    (رضئ الله تعالی عنه )
(10) Hadhrat Abu Yaqub Yusuf Hamadani  (رضئ الله تعالی عنه )
(11) Hadhrat Abdul Khaliq Ghujdawani  (رضئ الله تعالی عنه )
(12) Hadhrat Arif Reogari  (رضئ الله تعالی عنه ) 
(13) Hadhrat Mahmood Anjir Faghnawi (رضئ الله تعالی عنه )
(14) Hazrat Khwaja Azizan Ali Ramitani  (رضئ الله تعالی عنه ) 
(15) Hadhrat Khwaja Muhammad as-Sammaasi (رضئ الله تعالی عنه )
(16) Hadhrat Khwaja Amir Kulal  (رضئ الله تعالی عنه )
(17) Hadhrat Khwaja Baha'uddin Naqshband (رضئ الله تعالی عنه )


SUCCESSORS

Some well known Shuyookh who continued Khwaja Naqshband's (رضئ الله تعالی عنه) legacy after his death are as follows.

(i) Shaikh Alauddin Bukhari al-Attar (رحمة الله عليه), died 802 AH (1393 AD), Khalifa, and son-in-law of Khwaja Bahauddin Naqshband (رضئ الله تعالی عنه).
 
(ii) Shaikh Muhammad Ibn Mahmud al-Hafizi (رحمة الله عليه), also known as Muhammad Parsa, died in 822 AH (1419 AD).  He was a prolific writer and author of 'Risala Qudsiyya'.  He is the founder of many traditions of the Naqshbandi order.
 
(iii)  Shaikh Yaqub al-Karkhi (رحمة الله عليه) of Ghazni, died in  851 AH (1447 AD).  He was responsible for the expansion of Naqshbandi order in Central Asia.
 
(iv) Shaikh Ahmad Farooqi Sirhindi (رحمة الله عليه). He was an Indian Scholar and Jurist  lived during 1564-1624 in India. He is described as 'Reviver of the second Millennium' (مُجدٌِد الف ثانی) for his struggle in opposing 'Deen-e-Elahi', a Cocktail of Religions founded by Mughal Emperor Akbar in India. His Shaikh was Khwaja Baqi Billah (رحمة الله عليه), who was the originator and pioneer of Naqshbandi Order in Indian sub-continent.  
  

TEACHING

Khwaja Bahauddin Naqshband (رضئ الله تعالی عنه) is among Awliya-e-Kubaar.  He taught people Islamic Tawheed, the tenets of Islam, love of Prophet Mohammad (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم), his Ahle Bait-e-At Haar, dignitaries of Islam and Awliya Allah. He followed Prophet Mohammad (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) in every aspect of his life. His services in spreading Islam in Central Asia are unparalleled.

Some people equate Khwaja Bahauddin Naqshband (رضئ الله تعالی عنه) with non-Muslim gurus of Universal spritualism and in the process consider all religions as truthful.   Non-Muslim spiritual gurus/theosophists are in effect philosophers who have developed certain spiritual theories based on their individual flights of spirituality.  

What is the difference between Muslim Sufi and Non-Muslim Theosophist / spiritual guru?

Muslim Sufi (Shaikh of Ihsan) - His heart is purified, his mind is illuminated and he is inspired with Islamic wisdom. He sees facts of things precisely.  He is a Wali Allah who is an expert in both theory and practice of Islam. His perpetual focus is on the Unity of Allah (سبحانه و تعالى).  He walks on the foot steps of Prophet Mohammad (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم).  As an efficient doctor of Islamic intrinsic reality, he diagnosis the ailments of our souls and suggests appropriate remedies.  He shows to people the rightful practices of Islam, purifies their hearts, cleanse them from worldly desires and helps them to get close to Allah (سبحانه و تعالى) and His Apostle (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم).  He is a Islamic doctor who explains Islamic faith and practices to people with irrefutable evidence from Quran and Sunnah and from apparent happenings in the Cosmos.  He exposes the ill gotten 'tricks' of Non-Muslim theosophists and misguided Muslim sects.  The main opponents of Muslim Sufi are non-Muslim Theosophists / spiritual gurus and scholars of misguided Muslim sects.

Non-Muslim Theosophist -  The spiritual gurus belonging to different faiths are known as theosophists who  gain some expertise in spirituality by meditations and chanting of mantras with which they get close to the spirits of Shayateen, stars, vegetations and others; with the help of these, they show some wonders to innocent people. Since Muslim Sufi is aware of spiritual juggling of theosophists, he replies to them in their own language. 

What is 'theosophy'?  As per Webster dictionary, theosophy is a philosophical and religious system based on 'instinctive' knowledge about God'.  Theophists deal with their individual thought process and inspirations and consider it a source to be in union with God.  They deal in supernatural things. Like by keeping alive by not eating for days, they think that they have achieved the truth and union with God. They use their super natural powers acquired by spiritual exercises, incantations (chanting of mantra) and spells to achieve their objectives.  They use will power to subdue common people. What happens in hypnotism?  A person develops his will-power and influences the normal human beings.

 

UNIVERSAL SUFISM

Universal Sufism is not Islam. Universal Sufis consider Sufism predates Islam.  They treat Sufism as a different religion altogether.  They claim Sufis and their followers can profess any faith. 

Many innocent Muslims have become victims of Universal Sufis like  Bava Mohiuddin, Rabia Martin, Vilayat Inayat Khan,  Nurbaksh Shah Neimatullahi, Bulent Rauf, Irina Tweedie, Idries Shah, Muzaffer Ozak, George Gurdjieff, etc.

 

NAZIM AL-HAQQANI, (1922-2014) is a glaring example of Universal Sufism in recent times. He is considered as Grand Shaikh of Naqshbandi-Haqqani order.  He conferred Wilaya on  George Bush (US President), Tony Blair (UK Prime Minister), Jose Maria Aznar (Spain PM), and John Howard (Australia PM) in 2003. 

The Telegraph, UK wrote an obituary on the death of Nazim Haqqani on May 12, 2014.  The paper wrote, "Nazim Haqqani was enthusiastic supporter of the West's (Nato's) war on Terror.  .
 
 
The Telegraph also wrote, Nazim Haqqani became an associate of Gurdjieff, a Greco-Armenian Guru and Mystic; and John Bennett, a British follower of Gurdjieff." Read more.
 
 
   
 
 
 
 
John Bennett was also the follower of Shivapuri Baba, a Hindu Yogi.  Read more.
 
 
 
 
 

Clarifying the reasons for awarding Wilaya (Saint hood) to George Bush and Tony Blair;  Shaikh Nazim said the following.

QUOTE -   Allah sending Saint George Bush and Saint Tony Blair and their supporters to take over those tyrants (Iraq). Bush and Blair have been granted a sword from Heavens and they are never going to be failed through their fighting and they should finish it and then they are going to bring their sword to give to Jesus Christ when he is coming down. Reaching everywhere,  where there is a tyrant.  Turkey, China, Russia, Arabia, Egypt, Libya and other countries also. UNQUOTE  Read more

 

George Bush (probably under influence of alcohol) looks like having fun with Beach Volleyball Team  in Beijing Olympic Games 2008

 


Awarding saint hood to Jose Maria Aznar (Spain PM) and John Howard (Australia PM), Nazim Haqqani said the following.

QUOTE - There is heavenly support for the Allied Powers. It is not its name ‘Iraqi freedom’, but this is coming to our knowledge and information: their fight, this war (is for the) Salvation of Humanity, not for the freedom of Iraq (only). No, for all humanity- to save mankind from the hands of tyrants. And they are supported 100% and should be successful 1000%. No worry! They have been granted for that purpose. And also the Spanish Prime minister (Jose Maria Aznar) is granted Sainthood from Heavens and also the Australian Prime minister (John Howard)… UNQUOTE 

Reiterating his award of Saint hood (Wilaya) to the above Heads of States, Shaikh Nazim further said the following. 

QUOTE - I am not speaking from my ego. It is a clear declaration (of awarding saint hood). If anyone is asking to change this, may come for challenge!  Bush and Blair have also guardians from Jinn and As-habu Na'uba, heavenly people, to guard them, not to be touched with any harm, Saint George Bush and Saint Tony Blair and others.  UNQUOTE

 

HAQQANIS' ASSOCIATION WITH GEORGE GURDJIEFF

 
Haqqanis brag about the connection of their Grand Shaikh Abdullah ad-Daghestani with George Ivanovitch Gurdjieff.
 
Hisham Kabbani wrote about the meeting of Abdullah Daghestani with Gurdjiefff in his book titled "The Naqshbandi Sufi Way: History and Guidebook of the Saints of the Golden Chain", (Kazi Pub., US, 1995) as follows:  
 
"Russian Teacher (Spiritual Sheikh) George Gurdjieff visited Haqqani Grand Shaikh Abdullah Daghestani in Istanbul, Turkey, and was blessed by the Grand Shaikh. After the meeting, Grand Shaikh advised Gurdjieff to keep the meeting secret in his heart and do not speak of it in this life." 
 
Grand Shaikh Abdullah Daghestai gave Gurdjieff the title of "Abd an-Nur" (Enlightened Soul) and said "that is your name with us, you are free to stay or go as your responsibilities allow. The Shaikh further said, 'You are always welcome with us.  You have attained safety in the Divine Presence.  May God strengthen you in your work".   
 
During the meeting, Gurdjieff reported to have told Abdullah Daghestani that  "Through your (Daghestani's) spiritual power I was able to ascend to the knowledge of the power of the Nine Points (Enneagram).  A voice told me,  'the light has been given to you from the Divine Presence to bring peace to your heart.  However, you must not use the power of this knowledge".  Read more. 

In 1953, John G. Bennett, the famous disciple of Gurdjieff also had a mysterious meeting with Abdullah ad-Daghestani.  Read more.

What is Enneagram ?

 

The Enneagram is a nine pointed figure usually inscribed within a circle.

 

Gurdjieff is quoted by Ouspensky about Enneagram, as follows:

"It (Enneagram) was an ancient secret and was now being partly revealed for the first time, though hints of the symbol could be found in esoteric literature. It is derived from the Kabbalistic Tree of Life, as used in Renaissance Hermeticism, which used an Enneagram of three interlocking triangles, also called a nonagram or a nine-pointed figure used by the Christian medieval philosopher Raymond Lull. 

( Reference -  James Webb, The Harmonious Circle: The Lives and Work of G.I. Gurdjieff, P.D. Ouspensky, and Their Followers, (New York and London: Putnam USA, and Thames and Hudson, 2001).

 

Who is George Ivanovich Gurdjieff ?

 
George Gurdjieff (1866–1949) was an Armenian, and Head of an infamous Universal Group called "Fourth Way" which, as described by Gurdjieff himself, was different from the teachings of 'Sufi Fakir', 'Buddhist Monk' and 'Hindu Yogi'.  At one point he described his teaching as "esoteric Christianity". 
 
  
Gurdjieff declared that Shamanism was the source of their occult traditions.  Read more.
 
 
His students were explained that vast majority of humanity lives their entire lives in a state of hypnotic "waking sleep", but that it was possible to transcend to a higher state of consciousness.
 
Gurdjieff developed a method to achieve this state; calling his discipline "the Method" for awakening one's consciousness. The method consisted of (1) Music, (2) Movements, and (3) Group Work.
 
Many of Gurdjieff's followers claimed that he used black magic to entrap and manipulate people. His students used to get bewitched of Gurdjieff, which made them vulnerable to manipulation. Gurdjieff admitted that he possessed hypnotic powers and he employed them on his students. 
 
 
 
In 'Herald of Coming Good' (the first book published by Gurdjieff in 1933 in Paris, (available on Amazon) he revealed that he was a professional hypnotist.
 
 
A fact that Gurdjieff was a hypnotist and used spells, caused distress among many of his followers who were fearful that they are under the influence of hypnotism. Gurdjieff, however, claimed that he used his magical powers to awaken his followers from the sleep of everyday conditioned life.
    
 
 
 
Nazim Haqqani had been a regular speaker  at Gurdjieff events.  Read more.
 
 
 
 
Colin Wilson wrote about Gurdjieff's reputation for seducing his female students.
 
 
 
Colin Wilson wrote "in Providence, Rhode Island, in 1960, a man was pointed out to me, as one of Gurdjieff's illegitimate children.
 
The professor who told me this also assured me that Gurdjieff had left many  such children around America".
 
Gurdjieff's former students testify that his behavior displayed the unsavory and impure character of a man who was a cynical manipulator of his followers.
 
According to Rom Landau, a journalist in the 1930s, Gurdjieff was a Russian secret agent in Tibet by the name of "Hambro Akuan Dorzhieff" Chief Tutor to the Dalai Lama.  Read more.
 
 NON MUSLIM SUFI ORGANIZATIONS
 
There are 3 types of Non-Muslim Sufi Organizations and Orders in the world as follows:

(a) Non-Mulim Sufi organizations and Orders
 
There are many Non-Muslim Sufi Organizations and Orders in the world.  Prominent among them are:   (i) Sufi Order International (ii) Sufi Ruhaniat International, (iii) Mevlevi Order of America, (iv) The Golden Sufi Center, (v) Sufi Foundation of America, (vi) Sufism Reoriented, whose leader is Meher Baba, (vii)  Niematullahi Sufi order, etc.
 
(b) Quasi-Muslim Sufi Organizations and Orders
 
There are some Quasi-Muslim Sufi Organizations and Orders in the world, in which, although, the shaikh himself/herself adhered /adheres to Shari'a, however, the practice of Islam was/is not made a condition for the followers for receiving instructions on following the Sufi path. Meaning all their followers are called  Sufis, irrespective of their faith.
 
The behavior of Shaikh in these organizations is confusing; like he may have identified himself as a Muslim on some occasions, and on other occasions, may have identified himself as a member of another faith, or may have treated people from different faith as true believers.
 
Prominent among Quasi-Muslim Sufi Organizations are (i) Baba Mohiuddin Fellowship, and (ii) The Threshold Society of Mevlvi Order, etc.
   
(c) Pseudo-Muslim Sufi Organizations and Orders
 
There are many Pseudo-Muslim Sufi Organizations in the world, whose characteristics are as follows:
(i) All these organizations and scholars claim that they are genuine Islamic Ahle Sunnah Organizations.
 
(ii) The scholars and Shuyookh of these Organizations preach different things on different occasions.  Like they will claim that Christians, Jews and Muslims are all true believers.  However, when they are with Ahle Sunnah Muslims, they will say that Christians and Jews are not true believers.  They will misinterpret Quranic verses and Ahadith to fool innocent people. 
 
(iii) These Organizations, and their scholars, namely, Abdullah bin Bayyah, Taher Ul Qadri, late Abdullah Al-Harariyy Al-Habashi, Habib Ali Al-Jifri, Hamza Yusuf Hanson, Abdul Hakim Murad, Nuh Ha Mim Keller, etc., have signed Amman Message which testifies that all Muslim Sects are true Muslims. And Christians and Jews are 'believers' just like Muslims. 
 
It is reported that Habib Ali Jifri, a Yemani scholar, Prince Ghazi bin Mohammad bin Talal of Jordan and Dr. Mustafa Ceric, Grand Mufti of Bosnia-Herzegovina, have helped in the making of Amman Message. For their services, they received Eugen Biser Christian Missionary Award in 2008.

(iv) Dr. Taher ul Qadri of Pakistan,  a signatory to Amman Message, is on the forefront of spreading Ammanism in the World.  He works with missionary zeal and has developed a large network of Ammani Minhaj to promote Ammanism in the world in the name of Islam. Dr. Qadri's followers visit Hindu temples, Sikh Gurduwaras, Christian Churches and other places and take part in their prayers. He also allows non-Muslims to visit his mosques to worship as per their customs. Read more.  

 

It is important for Muslims to know these facts and stay on the right path of Islam. Sahih Iman is the essential requirement for our salvation in Hereafter. If your Aqeedah is wrong, you have lost in both the worlds and there is no hope for your salvation in Hereafter.  

 

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  • Sh. Abdul Qader Jilani (RU)
  • Sh. Abul Hasan Shadhli (RU)
  • Sh. Khwaja Gharib Nawaz (RU)
  • Sh. Bahauddin Naqshband (RU)

Shuyook of
Shaikh Mir Asedullah Quadri

  • Sh. Abdul Qadeer Siddiqui (RA)
  • Sh. Khaled Wajoodi (RA)
  • Sh. Shujauddin Siddiqui (RA)
  • Sh. Momin Ali Qadri (RA)