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KHWAJA MOINUDDIN CHISHTEE (رضئ الله تعالی عنه)

 

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Khwaja Moinuddin Chishti (رضئ الله تعالی عنه) is one of the most prominent Shuyookh of Islam.  Chishti Sufi Order in India is associated with his name.  His influence on Muslims and his role in the spread of Islam in Indian Sub Continent is unparalleled.  He is a model of conduct and a great teacher of Sufi Shuyookh of India irrespective of their lineages. 

We have provided below excerpts of what Shaikh Mir Asedullah Quadri said in this context.

Qutb-ul-Masha'eq Bahr wo bar,  Hind al-Wali, Shaikh Moinuddin Hasan Chishti, Gharib Nawaz (رضئ الله تعالی عنه) is Khwaja-e-Khwajgan. All Awliya Allah in India, irrespective of their lineage, stand in front of him like a student is standing in front of his teacher. He is undisputed Sultan-ul-Hind. Whatever reward is given to any Wali Allah in Indian Sub Continent is given with his approval. To some deserving Sufi Shuyookh, the bounties of Allah are given by him personally.  

I learned a lot from his teaching. I received Khilafah in Chishti and Quadri lineage from Hadhrat Badruddin Khaled Wajoodi (رحمة الله عليه) in 1985.   Gharib Nawaz (رضئ الله تعالی عنه) is my Grand Shaikh in Chishti Silsila from whose hand I received so many bounties.  His guidance and assistance  has been vital for me during my journey on the intrinsic path of Islam. His unwavering support to our Sahih Iman campaign  in the world is like a solid rock that cannot be penetrated by anyone. I always find his hand on my back.

Gharib Nawaz (رضئ الله تعالی عنه) chooses certain people for spiritual teaching and training under him directly and  I was lucky to be one of them. All credit for this honor goes to my shuyookh who helped me on every stage. It is because of my Shuyookh that I received so many bounties from the blessed hands of Awliya-e-Kubaar like Gharib Nawaz (رضئ الله تعالی عنه) and Ghousul Azam (رضئ الله تعالی عنه). 

                                                               Mir Asedullah Quadri

 

With Shaikh Mir Asedullah Quadri's permission, we have included three couplets from his Urdu Kalam that show his love for Khwaja Moinuddin Chishti (رضئ الله تعالی عنه).


چشمِ  باطن  کو  میسٌر  ہے  نظارہ  تیرا
نورِ احمدﷺ سے ہے تاباں رُخِ زیبا تیرا

The inner eye can  see you very clearly Ya Gharib Nawaz (رضئ الله تعالی عنه).  How glittering is your face with the Noor of Prophet Mohammad (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم).  


کیسا عالم ہے درخشاں پَسِ پردہ  تیرا
روۓ  محبوبِ  خدا  جلوۂ  یکتا  تیرا

 How magnificent is your status Ya Gharib Nawaz (رضئ الله تعالی عنه) which is hidden from the eyes of the ignorant materialistic people.  When we see you, it looks as if we are witnessing the blessed face of Prophet Mohammad (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم)

 

چشتی و قادری  پیمانے دو ہاتھوں میں اسؔد
باغِ  وحدت میں یہ  کھوجانہ  مبارک  باشد

You are blessed by  the two great Quadri and Chishti Salasil (lineages), and we congratulate you 'Ased' for your nearness to Allah (سبحانہ و تعا لی) to an extent that you are completely lost  in Divine Radiance. 

 

الشیخ میر اسداللہ قادری
__________________  

 

 

BLESSED BIRTH

Shaikh Moinuddin Chishti Gharib Nawaz (رضئ الله تعالی عنه) was born in 530 AH (1136 AD) in Sanjar, part of Sistan (Sijistan) which was comprised of present day Eastern Iran, Baluchistan and Southern Afghanistan.  He was direct descendant of Khalifat-e-Rasulullah, Amir-ul-Momineen, Hadhrat Ali Ibn Ali Talib ( رضئ الله تعالی عنه) from both mother's and father's side.

 

EARLY LIFE

At the time of birth of Gharib Nawaz (رضئ الله تعالی عنه),   it is reported that Sistan was under attack from Tartars.  Therefore, Hadhrat Khawaja Ghyasudddin (رضئ الله تعالی عنه), father of Gharib Nawaz (رضئ الله تعالی عنه) moved  his family from country side to the city of Neshapur.  He purchased a plantation with a windmill in one of the suburbs of the city and settled down with his family. However, Nishapur, the capital of Khorasan province was also affected by Tartars' trouble. The Tartars attacks weakened the Sultan Sanjar of Sistan and eventually he was defeated and there was chaos in the entire region.   Gharib Nawaz (رضئ الله تعالی عنه) watched it all during his early years. 

Gharib Nawaz (رضئ الله تعالی عنه) received his early education at home. He also studied at a local Madrasa where he learned  Hadith, Fiqh and other subjects. He memorized Quran when he was nine years old.

Gharib Nawaz's (رضئ الله تعالی عنه) father died in 1150 AD, when he was 15 years old.  His mother Sayyeda Bibi Ummul-wara bint Syed Daud (رضئ الله تعالی عنها) had already died by then.  In 1151 the Tartars attacked again and thousands of people were killed. The destruction of the country and the loss of his parents had a profound affect on Gharib Nawaz (رضئ الله تعالی عنه). 

It is reported that one day when Gharib Nawaz (رضئ الله تعالی عنه) was watering the plants in his orchard, Shaikh Ibrahim Qandozi (رحمة الله عليه) entered.  Gharib Nawaz (رضئ الله تعالی عنه) did not know him but he gave him a lot of respect, brought him a chair to sit and offered him fresh grapes of his orchard.  Shaikh Qandozi (رحمة الله عليه) was moved by the respect and reception accorded to him by Gharib Nawaz (رضئ الله تعالی عنه).  He saw the spark and potential in Gharib Nawaz (رضئ الله تعالی عنه). He took out a piece of bread from his bag and chewing a portion of it, gave the rest to Gharib Nawaz (رضئ الله تعالی عنه) to eat.  When he ate the piece of bread, he underwent a spiritual transformation never experienced before.  He closed his eyes and sat on the ground. When he opened his eyes, Shaikh Ibrahim Qandozi (رحمة الله عليه) had already left.

The meeting brought a profound change in Gharib Nawaz's (رضئ الله تعالی عنه).  He lost interest in worldly things and sold all his inheritance and belongings and distributed the proceeds into the poor. In 1152 AD he left for Bukhara to seek Islamic knowledge.  In Bukhara, he was taught by numerous Ulema. He received Ijaza from Shaikh Hissamuddin Bukhari (رحمة الله عليه) and Maulana Sharfuddin.

From Bukhara, he went to Samarqand for higher studies.  In 1156  he traveled to Baghdad in search of a Shaikh on whose hands he can take baya.  On his way,  he visited a place called 'Haroon' where he met Khwaja Uthman Harooni (رضئ الله تعالی عنه) who was a very famous Shaikh at that time.  He took baya on the hand of Shaikh Uthman (رضئ الله تعالی عنه) and stayed in his company for the following 20 years.  

Gharib Nawaz (رضئ الله تعالی عنه) described the event of his baya (initiation) on the hand of Shaikh Uthman Harooni (رضئ الله تعالی عنه) as follows:

"I showed up before Hadhrat Uthman (رضئ الله تعالی عنه) and bowed my head in veneration. Hadhrat Uthman (رضئ الله تعالی عنه) asked me to offer 2 rakah Nafil Salah. I did it. Then he asked me to sit facing towards Ka'aba. I did it. He asked me to recite Durood-e-Sharif 21 times and 'Subhanallah' 60 times. I did it. Then he took my hand and said let me show you to Allah (سبحانہ و تعا لی). After that he trimmed my hairs and gave me a cap (Kullah) to wear. I did it.  Then he asked me to sit down and recite Surah Ikhlas 1000 times. I did it. Then he said, among our Murideen, there is a 24 hours Mujaheda.  Go and do it today. I did it. The next day he asked me to recite Surah Ikhlas 1000 times more. I did it. Then he asked me to look up and inquired,  'how far do you see? I said, up to Arsh-e-Mo'alla.  He then asked me to look below 'Tahtus Sara'.  I did it.  Then he asked me to recite Surah Ikhlas 1000 times more. I did it. Then he asked me to look up again and inquired, 'how far do you see'? I said up to 'Hijaab-e-Azmat', the radiance of Allah (سبحانہ و تعا لی). Then he asked me to see in between his two fingers and asked 'what do you see'?  I said, I saw 18000 'Awalim' (worlds). Then he asked me to lift a mat lying in the room. When I lift it, I found a few gold dinars.  He asked me to go out and distribute them among the needy.  I did it.  Then he said your work is over.  Now you can stay with me."  

The following 20 years Gharib Nawaz (رضئ الله تعالی عنه) stayed with Shaikh Uthman Harooni (رضئ الله تعالی عنه) and  traveled many places along with his Shaikh, mostly on foot carrying his bedding and tiffin on head.  During these travels he had the opportunity to meet with many Shuyookh. He cited many incidents that occurred during these travels. About one such incident, he said as follows:

"During one of those travels there was a town called 'Ray' between Iran and Iraq which was inhabited by 'Fire worshipers'. They had a huge blaze sanctuary where tons of timber was used to keep the flame ablaze 24 hours of the day.   When we reached this town, Shaikh rested  under the shade of a tree.  In the night when he was busy in prayers, one of his disciples Fakhruddin approached the fire worshipers and requested them for some burning coal to prepare food for the next day.  They refused and  said  it is their God and they cannot part with it.  Fakhruddin returned and described the episode to the Shaikh. On this, Shaikh personally went to the fire worshipers and found an old man, whose name was Mukhtar sitting nearby the fire along with his 7 year old kid.  There were some others who were busy in worshiping the fire.  Shaikh addressed the old man saying how do you worship a god that can be dowsed with a handful of water.  Why don't you worship the Almighty who has created this fire? The old man got angry and said 'fire is our religion and we are sure that it will not burn us on the Day of Judgment. Shaikh said, if this is your belief, then put your hand into the fire.  Since you are worshiping it for centuries, it should not burn you. The old man said, 'to burn is the nature of fire, how can I put my hand in it?  Shaikh said, the fire is the creation of Almighty God and without his order, it cannot burn anything.  Saying this, he the took the son of this old man and threw him into the burning blaze saying - بِسْمِ اللهِ الرّحمانِ الرحِيم  [In the name God, the most Beneficent and most Merciful.].  Then he recited this Quranic verse  - يَا نَارُ كُونِي بَرْدًا وَسَلَامًا عَلَىٰ إِبْرَاهِيمَ [ O' fire! be a coolness and comfort to Ibrahim (عليه السلام)]. (Al-Anbiyaa - 69). 

The son vanished into the blaze.  The fire worshipers were aghast to this and the father started sobbing profusely. Shaikh waited for a while, then himself entered the blaze and disappeared. A little later, we saw Shaikh coming out of the blaze with the son in his arms  unscathed from the fire.  Looking at this miraculous event, all inhabitants of the town renounced fire worship and  embraced Islam.  Shaikh stayed in this town for a couple of years to teach Islam to the inhabitants.  A mosque was constructed at the place of  fire sanctuary."

There was another incident described by Gharib Nawaz (رضئ الله تعالی عنه) as follows: 
"Once we were required to cross river Tigris which was flooded and was over flowing from its banks. Looking at the fury, I was scared. Shaikh realized my hesitation and asked me to close my eyes.  After a while he asked me to open my eyes.  When I opened my eyes, I found myself and the Shaikh on the other side of the river.  He said, he recited Surah Fateha 5 times and crossed the river".  
During those travels,  Gharib Nawaz (رضئ الله تعالی عنه) visited Makka and Madina several times.  He mentioned about one such visit, as follows:
"Shaikh Uthman Harooni (رضئ الله تعالی عنه) took me to Baghdad and from there to Makka and prayed for my prosperity in front of Ka'aba. A voice came saying ‘O' Uthman, We have acknowledged Moinuddin as one of our Mahboob.  I was then taken to  Madina and was instructed by the Shaikh to offer salutation to Prophet Mohammad (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم ). 'I did that as per the instructions of my Shaikh and heard a voice -  وعليكم السّلام يا قطب المشائخ البحر و البر [Wa-alaikum-as-Salaam Ya Qutb al-Mashaikh bahr-o-bar]. On hearing this, Shaikh said 'now you have reached completion of your training. He gave me Khilafah in Chistia Silsila and handed over a 'Sacred Staff', wooden sandals and prayer mat saying "these relics have come down from the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) in succession".  
After the Khilafa, his Shaikh parted from Gharib Nawaz (رضئ الله تعالی عنه).  After parting with his Shaikh, Garib Nawaz (رضئ الله تعالی عنه) traveled  many placed and met with people. He also visited Makka and Madina. During one of his visits to Masjid-e-Nabawi, he was commanded by Prophet Mohammad (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) saying - “O Moinuddin, you are the Helper of my religion. I entrust you Hindustan (India). Proceed to Ajmer and spread the light of truth." The Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) showed him the location of Ajmer.
Ghousul Azam Shaikh Abdul Qadir Jilani (رضئ الله تعالی عنه) lived during 1077-1166 AD. At the time of death of Ghousul Azam (رضئ الله تعالی عنه), Gharib Nawaz (رضئ الله تعالی عنه) was 30 years old.  It is reported that he met with Ghousul Azam (رضئ الله تعالی عنه) during one of his early visits to Baghdad.  However, it is not known if Shaikh Uthman Harooni (رضئ الله تعالی عنه) who lived during 1116-1220 and visited Baghdad several times,  had the opportunity to meet  Ghousul Azam (رضئ الله تعالی عنه). 
It is reported that when Shaikh Abdul Qadir Jilani (رضئ الله تعالی عنه ) declared, “My foot is on the necks of all Awliya Allah قدمي هذه علٰى رقبة كل ولي الله  )”, Gharib Nawaz (رضئ الله تعالی عنه ) heard this spiritually and lowered his neck and said, “your blessed foot is on my eyes and on my head.” It is said that it was through the blessing of this act of submission he was made  'Sultanul Awliya al-Hind'.

After Prophet 's (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) command, Gharib Nawaz (رضئ الله تعالی عنه) started from Madina to Ajmer, India.    On his way he  visited Khirqan and met Sheikh Abul Hasan Khirqani and then Astrabad where he met Shaikh Nasiruddin Astrabadi. He then left for Herat where he stayed at the tomb of Hazrat Abdulla Ansari for some time. When people started visiting him in large numbers, he moved to Sabzawar in Afghanistan and then to Ghazni where he met Shaikh Abdul Wahid and stayed with him for sometime. .


ARRIVAL IN INDIA

In 1191 AD Khawaja Muinuddin Chishti (رضئ الله تعالی عنه) arrived in India along with his 40 Murideen and proceeded to Delhi via Fort Shaadman, Multan, Lahore and Samana. At Lahore he stayed for 40 days at the Dargah of Shaikh Abul Hassan Ali Hajvari (رحمة الله عليه), also known as Data Ganj Baksh.  During his stay, he wrote the following couplet in Shaikh Hajvari's (رحمة الله عليه) honor.


گنج بخش  ہر  دوعالم  مظہرِ  نُورِ  خدا
نا قصاں را پیر کامل ، کامِلاں  را پیشوا

Ganj Baksh is the manifestation of noor in both the worlds.  To the people of the way of Tariqah, he is a complete guide.  And for the Shuyookh of Tariqa he is a supreme guide.

 

There were significant political developments in India at the time of arrival of Gharib Nawaz (رضئ الله تعالی عنه). Shahabuddin Ghouri (1149-1206) was defeated by Prithviraj Chauhan (1166-1192) of Ajmer in the first battle of Tarain, (present day Haryana State) in 1191.  The atmosphere in the Rajput state was tense as they had just defeated the Muslim invader. On his way to Delhi, Gharib Nawaz (رضئ الله تعالی عنه) met some of the army men of Ghouri's defeated army.   They advised him not to enter Delhi at that time as the atmosphere in Delhi was tense. Ignoring their advise, Gharib Nawaz (رضئ الله تعالی عنه) proceeded,  and as expected,  he faced resistance from the people, particularly,  the Governor of Delhi Khandey Rao, who was the cousin of Prithiviraj Chauhan. But, it so happened that whoever approached him with hate and enmity, found him to be charismatic and down to earth simple.  His conciliatory approach and his heart touching sermons attracted one and all.   Soon crowds started gathering, who embraced Islam in large numbers.

Gharib Nawaz (رضئ الله تعالی عنه) stayed in Delhi for sometime then proceeded to Ajmer.  Hadhrat Khaja Qutubuddin (رحمة الله عليه), his first Khalifa, was made in-charge in Delhi.

Ajmer was the capital of Rajput State.   Gharib Nawaz (رضئ الله تعالی عنه) faced severe opposition in Ajmer as well.  He was evicted by the Rajput Army from the place where he wanted to stay in Ajmer on the pretext that the area was marked for the stable of Kings Camels. Gharib Nawaz (رضئ الله تعالی عنه) and his Murideen moved to a place close to Ana Sagar lake. 

 

 

The place where Gharib Nawaz (رضئ الله تعالی عنه) stayed at Ana Sagar Lake in Ajmer


  

Gharib Nawaz faced a lot of resistance in Ajmer.  There were many temples nearby the place where Gharib Nawaz (رضئ الله تعالی عنه) was staying.  His Murideen used to draw water and catch fish from the lake along with others. The priests of these temples resisted it and complained to Raja Prithviraj Chauhan.  The Army men arrived.  The Army along with the local Hindu priests mobbed Gharib Nawaz's (رضئ الله تعالی عنه) men and attacked them  with the intention to lynch them to death.  Looking at the trouble, Gharib Nawaz (رضئ الله تعالی عنه) took some sand from the ground and threw it towards the mob. The sand turned into a hurricane which damaged they eyes of the attackers, some of whom lost their senses.  The mob ran for their lives in utter confusion.  

When Prithiviraj heard of this, he got furious. He summoned his Hindu Guru Ajaipal who was an expert in Black Magic and Witchcraft. Ajaipal had scores of disciples who assisted the King  by their magic.

Ajaipal, along with his disciples, and Prithiviraj along with his security men arrived at the place where Gharib Nawaz (رضئ الله تعالی عنه ) was staying. The Murideen got frightened at the sight of this development. To ward off their fear, Gharib Nawaz (رضئ الله تعالی عنه ) asked them to draw a large circle on the ground and stay within this circle to keep themselves safe from the possible attacks by the magicians and army men.

Ajaipal started displaying his magical powers. He threw a whirlwind of 'chakras' (sharp round discs) that revolved in the air and cut anything they touched into pieces. However, instead of harming the Murideen, these chakras could not cross the circle and turned back on Ajaypal's men and many were hurt. Ajaipal tried various other magical attacks which were repulsed back by the grace of Allah (سبحانه و تعالى). Ajaipal was aghast to see his attacks going futile. He was an expert in magic and knew that Gharib Nawaz (رضئ الله تعالی عنه) was doing nothing to protect himself. He could not understand how Gharib Nawaz (رضئ الله تعالی عنه ) was protected from his attacks.  He sent a man to Gharib Nawaz (رضئ الله تعالی عنه) to inquire as to who he was.  Gharib Nawaz (رضئ الله تعالی عنه) replied, he is a human being, who believes in the Almighty God who is the protector of all.  And he invited them to surrender to their creator by embracing Islam. The simple words and the message had a profound effect on Ajaipal and his men who had realized the truthfulness of Gharib Nawaz (رضئ الله تعالی عنه).  They all became Muslim on the hands of Gharib Nawaz (رضئ الله تعالی عنه).  Prithiviraj did not yield and returned back to his fort along with his personal guard.

The above episode brought many people into Islamic fold. The new converts requested Gharib Nawaz to shift to the center of Ajmer where many people can have access to his teachings.  He agreed to their requests and shifted to a place where his Dargah is located. 

In 1192, Shahabuddin Ghouri attacked Rajput State again. The opposing armies met in the famous battle of Tarain again, but this time, Prithiviraj Chauhan was defeated and was killed and his state came under Muslim rule. 

When Shahabuddin Ghouri came to know about the presence of Gharib Nawaz (رضئ الله تعالی عنه) in Ajmer, he paid a visit to the Shaikh and requested him to pray for his success.   

Gharib Nawaz (رضئ الله تعالی عنه) continued his visits to other places while he was stationed at Ajmer.  It is reported that he visited Baghdad in 1200 AD.  He visited Delhi twice during the reign of Sultan Shamsuddin Iltumish. He visited Delhi in 1214 AD again and stayed in the Khanqah of Khwaja Qutbuddin Bakhtiar Kaki (رحمة الله عليه). It is reported that during his stay, he conferred a robe  to Shaikh Fariduddin Ganjshakar (رحمة الله عليه), the Khalifa of Shaikh Qutbuddin Bakhtiar Kaki (رحمة الله عليه).

Shaikh Uthman Harooni (رضئ الله تعالی عنه)  visited Delhi around this time and stayed with Gharib Nawaz (رضئ الله تعالی عنه) for some time. Sheikh Sa'di (رحمة الله عليه), the renowned Sufi Shaikh of Shiraz, also visited Delhi and had the privilege of meeting both the Shuyookh.

 

MARRIAGE

Gharib Nawaz (رضئ الله تعالی عنه) was busy in Islamic propagation for a long time and had no time to marry and raise a family.  However, in 1194, on the command of Prophet Mohammad (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم),  he married and had three Children, two sons; (i) Khwaja Fakhruddin (رحمة الله عليه), (ii) Khwaja Husamuddin (رحمة الله عليه), and (iii) a daughter Bibi Hafiza Jamal (رحمة الله عليها). Later he married again and had a son Khwaja Ziauddin (رحمة الله عليه) from his second marriage.   

 

DEATH

On Monday the 6th of Rajab, 627 AH, corresponding to May 21, 1230 AD Gharib Nawaz (رضئ الله تعالی عنه) died.  Eye witnesses said that his forehead was glittering with these Arabic words - هذه حبيب الله مات في حُبّ الله  [This Habib Allah died in the love of Allah].   

 

Dargah of Khwaja Gharib Nawaz (رضئ الله تعالی عنه) in Ajmer, Rajisthan, India. His urs is celebrated annualy in the month of Rajab.

 

 

 

WORKS

Gharib Nawaz (رضئ الله تعالی عنه) wrote many books in Persian; like (i) Anis-ul-Arwah, (ii) Risala Maujudia, (iii) Kanj-ul-Israr, (iv) Kashf-ul-Israr, (v) Afaaq-o-Anfas, (vi) Hadis-ul-Ma'arif, etc. Also, he was a great Sufi poet.  Compilation of his poetry in Persian is available in the market.

SPIRITUAL CHAIN

Spiritual Golden Chain (Shajrah-e-Treeqa) of Khwaja Moinuddin Hassan Chishti (رضئ الله تعالی عنه ) is as follows:

 (1)  Ahmad Mujtaba, Mohammad Mustafa  (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم)
 (2)  Ameer  al-Momineen Ali Ibn Abi Talib (رضئ الله تعالی عنه )
 (3)  Hadhrat Hassan al-Basri  (رضئ الله تعالی عنه )
 (4)  Hadhrat Khwaja Abdul Wahid Bin Zaid  (رضئ الله تعالی عنه )
 (5)  Hadhrat Khwaja Fuzail Ibne Ayaz (رضئ الله تعالی عنه )
 (6)  Hadhrat Khwaja Ibrahim Adham Balkhi   (رضئ الله تعالی عنه )
 (7)  Hadhrat Khwaja Huzaefa Marashi (رضئ الله تعالی عنه )
 (8)  Hadhrat Khwaja Aminuddin Habeera  (رضئ الله تعالی عنه )
 (9)  Hadhrat Mumshad Uluvi Deenwari    (رضئ الله تعالی عنه )
(10) Hadhrat Khwaja Abu Ishaque Shami Chisti  (رضئ الله تعالی عنه )
(11) Hadhrat Khwaja Abu Ahmed Abdal Chisti  (رضئ الله تعالی عنه )
(12) Hadhrat Khwaja Abu Mohammed Chisti  (رضئ الله تعالی عنه ) 
(13) Hadhrat Khwaja Nasir Uddin Abu Yousuf Chisti (رضئ الله تعالی عنه )
(14) Hazrat Khwaja Qutubudin Maudood Chisti  (رضئ الله تعالی عنه ) 
(15) Hadhrat Haji Sharif Zindani (رضئ الله تعالی عنه )
(16) Hadhrat Khwaja Uthman Harooni  (رضئ الله تعالی عنه )
(17) Hadhrat Khwaja Moinuddin Hassan Chisti (رضئ الله تعالی عنه )

 

SUCCESSORS

There were 5 well known Sufi Shuyookh who continued the legacy of Gharib Nawaz (رضئ الله تعالی عنه) in succession in India, as follows:

 

 

(i) Hadhrat Khwaja Qutbuddin Bakhtiar Kaki (رحمة الله عليه), the Khalifa and successor of Gharib Nawaz (رضئ الله تعالی عنه).

 

 

(ii) Hadhrat Fariduddin Ganjshakar (رحمة الله عليه), the Khalifa and successor of Khwaja Qutubuddin Bakhtiar Kaki (رحمة الله عليه).

 

 

(iii) Hadhrat Khwaja Nizamuddin Awliya (رحمة الله عليه), the Khalifa and successor of Hadhrat Fariduddin Ganjshakar (رحمة الله عليه).

 

 

(iv) Hadhrat Nasiruddin Chiragh Dehlavi (رحمة الله عليه), the Khalifa and successor of Hadhrat Khwaja Nizamuddin Awlia (رحمة الله عليه).

 

 

 

(v) Khwaja Banda Nawaz (رحمة الله عليه), the Khalifa and successor of Hadhrat Nasiruddin Chiragh Dehlavi (رحمة الله عليه). 

 

 

 

TEACHING

Khwaja Gharib Nawaz (رضئ الله تعالی عنه) is among Awliya-e-Kubaar. He taught people Islamic Tawheed, the tenets of Islam, love of Prophet Mohammad (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم), his Ahle Bait-e-At Haar, dignitaries of Islam and Awliya Allah.  He followed Prophet Mohammad (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) in every aspect of his life and was known to receive his instructions throughout his life in wakefulness and dreams.  His services in spreading Islam in Indian Sub continent are unparalleled.

Some people equate Gharib Nawaz (رضئ الله تعالی عنه) with non-Muslim gurus of Universal spritualism and in the process consider all religions as truthful.   Non-Muslim spiritual gurus / theosophists are in effect philosophers who have developed certain spiritual theories based on their individual flights of spirituality.  

What is the difference between Muslim Sufi and Non-Muslim Theosophist / spiritual guru?

Muslim Sufi (Shaikh of Ihsan) - His heart is purified, his mind is illuminated and he is inspired with Islamic wisdom. He sees facts of things precisely.  He is a Wali Allah who is an expert in both theory and practice of Islam. His perpetual focus is on the Unity of Allah (سبحانه و تعالى).  He walks on the foot steps of Prophet Mohammad (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم).  As an efficient doctor of Islamic intrinsic reality, he diagnosis the ailments of our souls and suggests appropriate remedies.  He shows to people the rightful practices of Islam, purifies their hearts, cleanse them from worldly desires and helps them to get close to Allah (سبحانه و تعالى) and His Apostle (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم).  He is a Islamic doctor who explains Islamic faith and practices to people with irrefutable evidence from Quran and Sunnah and from apparent happenings in the Cosmos.  He exposes the ill gotten 'tricks' of Non-Muslim theosophists and misguided Muslim sects.  The main opponents of Muslim Sufi are non-Muslim Theosophists / spiritual gurus and scholars of misguided Muslim sects.

Non-Muslim Theosophist -  The spiritual gurus belonging to different faiths are known as theosophists who  gain some expertise in spirituality by meditations and chanting of mantras with which they get close to the spirits of Shayateen, stars, vegetations and others; with the help of these, they show some wonders to innocent people. Since Muslim Sufi is aware of spiritual juggling of theosophists, he replies to them in their own language. This is what happened in Gharib Nawaz's (رضئ الله تعالی عنه) case while he dealt with Non-Muslim gurus.   

What is 'theosophy'?  As per Webster dictionary, theosophy is a philosophical and religious system based on 'instinctive' knowledge about God'.  Theophists deal with their individual thought process and inspirations and consider it a source to be in union with God.  They deal in supernatural things. Like by keeping alive by not eating for days, they think that they have achieved the truth and union with God. They use their super natural powers acquired by spiritual exercises, incantations (chanting of mantra) and spells to achieve their objectives.  They use will power to subdue common people. What happens in hypnotism?  A person develops his will-power and influences the normal human beings. 

UNIVERSAL SUFISM

Universal Sufism is not Islam. Universal Sufis consider Sufism predates Islam.  They treat Sufism as a different religion altogether.  They claim Sufis and their followers can profess any faith. 

Many innocent Muslims have become victims of Universal Sufis like  Bava Mohiuddin, Rabia Martin, Vilayat Inayat Khan,  Nurbaksh Shah Neimatullahi, Bulent Rauf, Irina Tweedie, Idries Shah, Muzaffer Ozak, George Gurdjieff, etc.

Nazim Al-Haqqani is the glaring example of Universal Sufism in recent times who conferred Wilaya to  George Bush (US President), Tony Blari (UK Prime Minister), Jose Maria Aznar (Spain PM), and John Howard (Australia PM) in 2003.  Clarifying the reasons for awarding Wilaya (Saint hood) to George Bush and Tony Blair;  Shaikh Nazim said the following.

QUOTE -   Allah sending Saint George Bush and Saint Tony Blair and their supporters to take over those tyrants (Iraq). Bush and Blair have been granted a sword from Heavens and they are never going to be failed through their fighting and they should finish it and then they are going to bring their sword to give to Jesus Christ when he is coming down. Reaching everywhere,  where there is a tyrant.  Turkey, China, Russia, Arabia, Egypt, Libya and other countries also. UNQUOTE  Read more

It looks  George Bush, under the influence of alcohol, is having fun with Beach Volleyball Team  in Beijing Olympic Games 2008. As described earlier, George Bush  was awarded  Wilaya by Shaikh Nazim in 2003. (Astaghfirullah)  


Awarding saint hood to Jose Maria Aznar (Spain PM) and John Howard (Australia PM), Nazim Haqqani said the following.

QUOTE - There is heavenly support for the Allied Powers. It is not its name ‘Iraqi freedom’, but this is coming to our knowledge and information: their fight, this war (is for the) Salvation of Humanity, not for the freedom of Iraq (only). No, for all humanity- to save mankind from the hands of tyrants. And they are supported 100% and should be successful 1000%. No worry! They have been granted for that purpose. And also the Spanish Prime minister (Jose Maria Aznar) is granted Sainthood from Heavens and also the Australian Prime minister (John Howard)… UNQUOTE 

Reiterating his award of Saint hood (Wilaya) to the above Heads of States, Shaikh Nazim further said the following. 

QUOTE - I am not speaking from my ego. It is a clear declaration (of awarding saint hood). If anyone is asking to change this, may come for challenge!  Bush and Blair have also guardians from Jinn and Ashabu Nauba, heavenly people, to guard them, not to be touched with any harm, Saint George Bush and Saint Tony Blair and others.  UNQUOTE

 

There are certain Universal Groups who claim to follow Chishti order,  but when you go close to them, you will realize that people belonging to all faiths are part of their group.  Chishtiyya is one of such group

 

AMMANISM

Followers of Ammani deviant sect also mislead people claiming  that  Gharib Nawaz (رضئ الله تعالی عنه) subscribed to Sulahe-Kulli / Ammani beliefs. They claim Sufi Shuyookh are the flag bearers of Ammanism. (Astaghfirullah). They misinterpret Sufi poetry and certain sayings of sufia-e-Karam about good behavior with the followers of other faiths to justify their Sulah-e-Kulli, Deen-e-Elahi and Ammani beliefs. When their attention is drawn towards the teachings of Gharib Nawaz (رضئ الله تعالی عنه) and other Sufia-e-karam which are purely Islamic, they get angry, use derogatory language and bully to suppress  facts.

Who are Ammanis and what are their believes?

Ammani Sect was started by King Abdullah II of Jordan in 2004-05.  He is the founding Imam of this Sect.  Ammanis claim that all 73 Sects and their sub groups are true Muslims. They also claim Christians, Jews are 'believers' on par with Muslims.

Ammanis use what is known as the 'The Common Ground' logic, which, though simple enough on the face of it, is highly deceptive and goes directly against the core teachings of Islam. According to Ammani Common Ground Logic, everyone who believes in the existence of one God, irrespective of his actual perception and understanding, is a "believer" on par with Muslims. They ignore the fact that Islamic perception of God is different from the perception of other religions and deviant sects.  Read more.

With their misleading common ground logic,  Ammanis have declared Christians and Jews as 'Believers' just like Muslims'.  It is reported that Amman Message team is working on a document to declare Buddhists also as "Believers".

The followers of Amman Message  try to convince Muslims that they are promoting peace in Muslim society by treating everyone as a true Muslim. Many people do not realize that in the guise of stopping hate and bloodshed among Muslims, Amman Message promoters are attempting to change the basic beliefs of Islam and replace it with Ammanism. Read more. 

Dr. Taher ul Qadri of Pakistan,  a signatory to Amman Message, is on the forefront of spreading Ammanism in the World.  He works with missionary zeal and has developed a large network of Ammani Minhaj to promote Ammanism in the world in the name of Islam. Dr. Qadri's followers visit Hindu temples, Sikh Gurduwaras, Christian Churches and other places and take part in their prayers. He also allows non-Muslims to visit his mosques to worship as per their customs. Read more.  

The following information is taken from official MQI sources run by Dr. Qadri.  

(i) It was reported on official Minhaj website that the  Hindu religious festival of ‘Holi’ was celebrated across the world on April 20, 2009. A special ceremony took place in a local temple in Lahore to celebrate the occasion. On the special invitation of the Hindu community leaders Dr Manuher Chand, Dr Suresh, Dr Suneil Kumar and Prof Ashok Kumar, MQI delegation  participated in the celebrations.

Sohail Ahmad Raza, Director Interfaith Directorate, Minhaj, led Minhaj  delegation to Holi Festivities. They played with Color and felicitated Hindus on the auspicious Holi Festival".  Read more.

 

(ii) Usman Shah of Minhaj, UK led a delegation  to Neville Road Gurdwara in East Ham, UK on March 30th, 2009.  Minhajis covered their heads and participated in prayers alongside Sikhs in the  Prayer Hall.  Read more.
 

(iii) Watch the following picture. A delegation of Minhaj-ul-Quran Intrernational participated in "Happy Chrismas" function and prayed at International Gospel (IG) Church along with Christians on December 17, 2009. 

 

Muhammad Mustafa, Director Foreign Affairs MQI; Sohail Ahmad Raza, Director Interfaith Relations MQI;  Iftikhar-ul-Hasan Chishti and Muhammad Aleen Khan were part of MQI Delegation. Minhaji participants prayed at the Church along with Christians.  They also presented a wreath of flowers to Reverend Dr. Marqas, Chairman International Gospel Mission on behalf of Dr. Taher ul Qadri.

 

(iv) Christians are Worshiping in the front rows of MQI mosque and a large number of Minhajis behind have made arrangements for this prayer

 

It is important for Muslims to realize these facts and stay on the right path of Islam. Needless to say that the people who were with Gharib Nawaz (رضئ الله تعالی عنه) in the circle were the people of Sahih Iman.  The people who were attacking them from outside the circle belonged to Universal Sufis / Spiritual Gurus / Ammanis who continue to attack Islamic faith through out the history of Islam.  

   

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  • Sh. Abdul Qader Jilani (RU)
  • Sh. Abul Hasan Shadhli (RU)
  • Sh. Khwaja Gharib Nawaz (RU)
  • Sh. Bahauddin Naqshband (RU)

Shuyook of
Shaikh Mir Asedullah Quadri

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  • Sh. Khaled Wajoodi (RA)
  • Sh. Shujauddin Siddiqui (RA)
  • Sh. Momin Ali Qadri (RA)